Electrodeposition of MnO2 on VACNT and the use of these composites in supercapacitor devices

Ahmed Fakhry 1 Mathieu Pinault 2 Émeline Charon 2 François Tran Van 1 Fouad Ghamouss 1
2 LEDNA - Laboratoire Edifices Nanométriques
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : Manganese oxide is one of the most promising oxide based composites due to its low cost, friendly environmental aspect and pseudocapacitive performances 1 2. The electrochemical performances of MnO2 are largely dependent on its morphological properties and specific surface area. The association of carbon nanotubes (CNT) with MnO2 can be interesting in order to improve the electronic conductivity and the electrochemical performances of the composite. Nevertheless, the main works use a chemical way for the preparation of the composites that is why the morphological control is still difficult 3 4. In this work the vertically aligned CNT (VACNT) films previously grown on stainless steel by aerosol-assisted CCVD 5 are used as 3D matrix host for the electrodeposition of nanostructured MnO2. The main objective is to optimize the electrochemical parameters in order to deposit homogeneously the oxide inside the entire depth of the films. The MnO2/CNT ratio is optimized to obtain the best performances in term of specific capacitance and impedance. The electrodeposition is made in different media and from different MnO2 precursors. Similarly, various electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetry, chronopotentiometry or sequenced chronopotentiometry are used for the electrodeposition. Various parameters have been studied including the size of the CNTs and their coating depending on the used technique, the deposition time, the applied potential and/or current. Electrochemical characterization (cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic cycling, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) of the nanocomposite CNT-MnO2 are performed. A three electrodes cell is used for the deposition and the electrochemical studies of the nanocomposite to highlight accurately the electrochemical behavior of the electrode. The materials and composites have been characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM, SEM-EDX and XPS) in order to examine the morphology, the localization and the thickness of the MnO2 deposit. Indeed, in addition to its dependence to MnO2/CNT mass ratio, the electrochemical performances of the nanocomposite are also linked to the thickness (resistivity of the MnO2 film) and the homogeneity of the deposits (depth of deposition). These composites are then used as electrodes for supercapacitors.
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Ahmed Fakhry, Mathieu Pinault, Émeline Charon, François Tran Van, Fouad Ghamouss. Electrodeposition of MnO2 on VACNT and the use of these composites in supercapacitor devices. ChemOnTubes2016, Apr 2016, Brussels, Belgium. ⟨cea-02349640⟩

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