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Une diversité standardisée ? Enjeux de politiques linguistiques et formatives dans l'internationalisation des universités françaises

Abstract : The internationalization of universities is currently one of the fundamental issues in the development of higher education and research in France. In this context, questions of orientation in terms of training and linguistic policies are increasingly raised, insofar as academic mobility and the variety of audiences are constitutive of institutional realities. Thus, the thesis proposes to study, by means of a qualitative and comprehensive approach, the relations to linguistic and cultural diversity at the university through different sources (scientific references, institutional documents, surveys with teachers and students) and several levels of analysis. First of all, the very idea of an internationalized university is approached historically with the objective of understanding how the international dimension has been built up over the centuries and has led to what the French university is in the 21st century. In articulation with what constitutes a foreign policy of influence, linguistic policies related to higher education and university research are then studied, based upon the analysis of legal texts, governmental directives and local choices, contributing to highlight possible contradictions between various political orientations. In the set of observables constituted, the notions of language, culture and interculturality are studied through an intersection of the representations they give rise to at the institutional and formative levels. On the latter level, the study of these notions appears essential on the one hand, insofar as intercultural relational dimensions are inherent to students experiences, and, on the other hand, because of the profoundly cultural, linguistic and scriptural dimension of knowledge construction. More concretely, conceptions of diversity and plurality are explored through a study centered on the reports of plurilingual and literate uses of teachers and students. The analysis leads to some proposed guidelines for teacher training and student support, likely to allow an appropriation starting from plurality rather than from a prior norm. Finally, from a more institutional point of view, perspectives are sketched out, for the elaboration of linguistic and formative policies favoring the acknowledgement of linguistic and cultural diversity, despite the standardizing dimensions induced by the commodification of knowledge and the setting of universities in competition.
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https://hal-univ-tours.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03618868
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 24, 2022 - 4:08:33 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 3:33:03 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03618868, version 1

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Léa Courtaud. Une diversité standardisée ? Enjeux de politiques linguistiques et formatives dans l'internationalisation des universités françaises. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Tours, 2021. Français. ⟨tel-03618868⟩

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