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Journal Articles RSC Advances Year : 2022

Two-step formulation of magnetic nanoprobes for microRNA capture

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Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRs) belong to a family of short non-coding endogenous RNAs. Their over-expression correlates with various pathologies: for instance, miRNA-155 (miR-155) is over-expressed upon the development of breast cancers. However, the detection of miRs as disease biomarkers suffers from insufficient sensitivity. In the present study, we propose a protocol for a rapid and efficient generation of magnetic nanoprobes able to capture miR-155, with the aim of increasing its concentration. As a nanoprobe precursor, we first synthesized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) coated with covalently attached polyethylene glycol carrying a free biotin terminus (PEG-bi). Using streptavidin–biotin interactions, the nanoprobes were formulated by functionalizing the surface of the nanoparticles with the miR sequence (CmiR) complementary to the target miR-155 (TmiR). The two-step formulation was optimized and validated using several analytical techniques, in particular with Size-Exclusion High Performance Liquid Chromatography (SE-HPLC). Finally, the proof of the nanoprobe affinity to TmiR was made by demonstrating the TmiR capture on model solutions, with the estimated ratio of 18 : 22 TmiR : CmiR per nanoprobe. The nanoprobes were confirmed to be stable after incubation in serum.

Dates and versions

hal-03603423 , version 1 (09-03-2022)

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Iveta Vilímová, Igor Chourpa, Stephanie David, Martin Soucé, Katel Hervé-Aubert. Two-step formulation of magnetic nanoprobes for microRNA capture. RSC Advances, 2022, 12 (12), pp.7179-7188. ⟨10.1039/d1ra09016j⟩. ⟨hal-03603423⟩

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