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Th17 cytokines: novel potential therapeutic targets for COPD pathogenesis and exacerbations

Abstract : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways caused mainly by cigarette smoke exposure. COPD progression is marked by exacerbations of the disease, often associated with infections. Recent data show the involvement in COPD pathophysiology of interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-22, two cytokines that are important in the control of lung inflammation and infection. During the initiation and progression of the disease, increased IL-17 secretion causes neutrophil recruitment, leading to chronic inflammation, airways obstruction and emphysema. In the established phase of COPD, a defective IL-22 response facilitates pathogen-associated infections and disease exacerbations. Altered production of these cytokines involves a complex network of immune cells and dysfunction of antigen-presenting cells. In this review, we describe current knowledge on the involvement of IL-17 and IL-22 in COPD pathophysiology at steady state and during exacerbations, and discuss implications for COPD management and future therapeutic approaches.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 2:10:47 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 10:58:33 AM

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Olivier Le Rouzic, Muriel Pichavant, Emilie Frealle, Antoine Guillon, Mustapha Si-Tahar, et al.. Th17 cytokines: novel potential therapeutic targets for COPD pathogenesis and exacerbations. European Respiratory Journal, European Respiratory Society, 2017, 50 (4), pp.1602434. ⟨10.1183/13993003.02434-2016⟩. ⟨hal-03534389⟩

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