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Links of socio-emotional context on performance in categorization task of adults with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities

Abstract : Purpose Studies on intellectual disabilities describe difficulties at the cognitive level but little about the other factors that can impact the individual’s performance. The aim of this research was thus to assess the effects of the socio-emotional context on the performance of adults with intellectual disabilities in a cognitive task. The main hypothesis was that people with intellectual disabilities will not have the cognitive ability to see the socioemotional environment as a potential resource, and that they could not use it to mobilize their cognitive resources to try and improve their performance and adopt more positive behavior. Design/methodology/approach A total of 32 people with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities were recruited. They performed a categorization task and were then given their results. Throughout the test, the psychologist observed the participants’ behavior and, more specifically, their emotional expressions, their pro-social behavior and their respect for social rules. Findings The results support the hypotheses, with better performance among participants who adopted pro-social behaviors, respected the rules and displayed positive emotional expressions. These results highlight the central role played by others in the ability of adults with intellectual disabilities to adapt to a given situation. Research limitations/implications This study was conducted by a psychologist, which could have biased the relationship with the participants. A complementary study is in progress to measure the effects. Practical implications These findings have implications for cognitive remediation tasks aimed at mobilizing the cognitive resources of adults with intellectual disabilities. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the only study to evaluate the role of the socio-emotional environment on the performance of adults with intellectual disabilities.
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https://hal-univ-tours.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03363047
Contributor : Valérie Pennequin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, October 2, 2021 - 6:28:10 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 3, 2021 - 3:27:33 AM

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Suzanne Igier, Valérie Pennequin. Links of socio-emotional context on performance in categorization task of adults with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 2021, 15 (2/3), pp.55-65. ⟨10.1108/AMHID-10-2020-0026⟩. ⟨hal-03363047⟩

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