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Three-Step Synthesis of a Redox-Responsive Blend of PEG–block–PLA and PLA and Application to the Nanoencapsulation of Retinol

Abstract : Smart polymeric nanocarriers have been developed to deliver therapeutic agents directly to the intended site of action, with superior efficacy. Herein, a mixture of poly(lactide) (PLA) and redox-responsive poly(ethylene glycol)–block–poly(lactide) (PEG–block–PLA) containing a disulfide bond was synthesized in three steps. The nanoprecipitation method was used to prepare an aqueous suspension of polymeric nanocarriers with a hydrodynamic diameter close to 100 nm. Retinol, an anti-aging agent very common in cosmetics, was loaded into these smart nanocarriers as a model to measure their capacity to encapsulate and to protect a lipophilic active molecule. Retinol was encapsulated with a high efficiency with final loading close to 10% w/w. The stimuli-responsive behavior of these nanocarriers was demonstrated in vitro, in the presence of l-Glutathione, susceptible to break of disulfide bond. The toxicity was low on human keratinocytes in vitro and was mainly related to the active molecule. Those results show that it is not necessary to use 100% of smart copolymer in a nanosystem to obtain a triggered release of their content.
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https://hal-univ-tours.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02989935
Contributor : Martin Soucé <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 5, 2020 - 12:52:06 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 5, 2020 - 12:52:08 PM

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Louise van Gheluwe, Eric Buchy, Igor Chourpa, Emilie Munnier. Three-Step Synthesis of a Redox-Responsive Blend of PEG–block–PLA and PLA and Application to the Nanoencapsulation of Retinol. Polymers, MDPI, 2020, 12 (10), pp.2350. ⟨10.3390/polym12102350⟩. ⟨hal-02989935⟩

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