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Autophagy and mitophagy in cancer metabolic remodelling

Abstract : Metabolic reprogramming in tumours is now recognized as a hallmark of cancer, participating both in tumour growth and cancer progression. Cancer cells develop global metabolic adaptations allowing them to survive in the low oxygen and nutrient tumour microenvironment. Among these metabolic adaptations, cancer cells use glycolysis but also mitochondrial oxidations to produce ATP and building blocks needed for their high proliferation rate. Another particular adaptation of cancer cell metabolism is the use of autophagy and specific forms of autophagy like mitophagy to recycle intracellular components in condition of metabolic stress or during anticancer treatments. The plasticity of cancer cell metabolism is a major limitation of anticancer treatments and could participate to therapy resistances. The aim of this review is to report recent advances in the understanding of the relationship between tumour metabolism and autophagy/mitophagy in order to propose new therapeutic strategies.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 28, 2020 - 2:48:56 PM
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Fabio Ferro, Stéphane Servais, Pierre Besson, Sébastien Roger, Jean-François Dumas, et al.. Autophagy and mitophagy in cancer metabolic remodelling. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, Elsevier, 2020, 98, pp.129-138. ⟨10.1016/j.semcdb.2019.05.029⟩. ⟨hal-02908180⟩



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