Vineyard evaluation of stilbenoid‐rich grape cane extracts against downy mildew: a large‐scale study - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Pest Management Science Year : 2019

Vineyard evaluation of stilbenoid‐rich grape cane extracts against downy mildew: a large‐scale study

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Plasmopara viticola control in organic viticulture requires copper-based fungicides with harmful effects on health and the environment. Plant extracts represent a biorational eco-friendly alternative to copper. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of stilbenoid-rich grape cane extract (GCE) against downy mildew on three cultivars over 3 years following natural downy mildew infection. RESULTS: Over all field trials, GCE treatments showed an average reduction in disease incidence of -35% and -38% on leaves and clusters, respectively. The average reduction in disease severity was -35% and -43% on leaves and clusters, respectively. Under artificial downy mildew infection, GCE efficacy corresponded to 1 g L-1 of copper. Neither phytotoxicity nor adverse effects on auxiliary fauna were observed after treatment with GCE. CONCLUSION: Because few or no biocontrol agents are active alone against P. viticola, GCE is a promising alternative to copper-based fungicides. Grape canes, an abundant by-product of viticulture, have great potential for valorization as a biocontrol agent for sustainable viticulture.
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Dates and versions

hal-02527716 , version 1 (01-04-2020)

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Kevin Billet, Guillaume Delanoue, Ingrid Arnault, Sébastien Besseau, Audrey Oudin, et al.. Vineyard evaluation of stilbenoid‐rich grape cane extracts against downy mildew: a large‐scale study. Pest Management Science, 2019, 75 (5), pp.1252-1257. ⟨10.1002/ps.5237⟩. ⟨hal-02527716⟩
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