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Incidence clinique des psychotraumatismes dans la consultation externe d'un service de psychiatrie Clinical impact of psychotraumas in outpatients' department of psychiatry

Abstract : The authors aimed at evaluating the impact of psychotraumas in psychiatric outpatients. One hundred forty psychiatric outpatients were consecutively included, without distinction of their current pathology. They filled in an inventory of potentially traumatic experiences, a psychological dissociative experiences scale (DES), a somatoform dissociative experiences questionnaire (SDQ-20), and underwent a structured interview for diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (CAPS, according to the DSM-IV). One hundred subjects related psychological trauma, and 76 patients suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder. Dissociative disorders are found significantly correlated to traumatic experience and to posttraumatic stress disorder. The traumatic impact is found more substantial as the number of events lived was elevated. This study confirms the elevated prevalence of the psychological traumas and psychotraumatic aftermaths in outpatients of a department of psychiatry, independently from the mental disorder. It confirms the strong association between trauma and dissociative symptoms as a whole, including somatoform dissociation.
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Wissam El-Hage, P Gaillard. Incidence clinique des psychotraumatismes dans la consultation externe d'un service de psychiatrie Clinical impact of psychotraumas in outpatients' department of psychiatry. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, Revue Psychiatrique, Elsevier Masson, 2003, 161 (10), pp.743 - 748. ⟨10.1016/S0003-4487(03)00161-6⟩. ⟨hal-02524680⟩

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