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Regression of primary hepatocarcinoma in cancer-prone transgenic mice by local interferon-γ delivery is associated with macrophages recruitment and nitric oxide production

Abstract : The clinical potential of tumor therapies must be evaluated using animal models closely resembling human cancers. We investigated the impact of locally delivered interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on primary hepatocarcinoma spontaneously developed by T-SV40 transgenic mice. A single intratumor injection of adenovirus IFN-gamma was sufficient enough to induce in vivo production of biologically active IFN-gamma, as assessed by STAT1 activation. IFN-gamma secretion led to the regression of primary tumor, principally by apoptosis of tumor hepatocytes. The lack of T-cells infiltrates in the liver upon treatment excluded a role of a specific immune response. In contrast, indirect pathways may include tumoricidal function of macrophages. Indeed, they were massively recruited in the entire liver under IFN-gamma treatment; transmigration through hepatic blood vessels could be observed and co-localization with damaged hepatocytes was obvious. This correlated with nonparenchymal liver cell iNOS expression and high level of NO in hepatic extracts. Moreover, in vitro experiments showed that NO releasing agents induced cell death of freshly isolated tumor hepatocytes, suggesting that NO could be one of the major effector molecules. Altogether, these observations defined an important role of IFN-gamma in controlling tumor development in a model of primary hepatocarcinoma.
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Contributor : Fabrice Gouilleux <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 3, 2020 - 3:14:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 2:47:47 AM

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Myriam Baratin, Marianne Ziol, Raphäelle Romieu, Michèle Kayibanda, Fabrice Gouilleux, et al.. Regression of primary hepatocarcinoma in cancer-prone transgenic mice by local interferon-γ delivery is associated with macrophages recruitment and nitric oxide production. Cancer Gene Therapy, Nature Publishing Group, 2001, 8 (3), pp.193-202. ⟨10.1038/sj.cgt.7700285⟩. ⟨hal-02427362⟩

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