The underlying inflammatory chronic disease influences infliximab pharmacokinetics - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles mAbs Year : 2016

The underlying inflammatory chronic disease influences infliximab pharmacokinetics

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Abstract

Infliximab is an anti-tumor necrosis factor monoclonal antibody approved in chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Infliximab pharmacokinetics is variable between patients, but influence of the underlying disease was never assessed. This study aimed at assessing this influence using a cohort of patients monitored in a single center and with the same assay. Infliximab trough concentrations were determined on samples collected between weeks 0 and 22 after treatment initiation in 218 patients treated for RA, PsA, AS, CD or UC. Infliximab pharmacokinetics was analyzed by a one-compartment population model with first-order elimination rate constant. In AS patients, volume of distribution (V) and elimination clearance (CL) were 5.4 L and 0.24 L/day, respectively. In CD and UC patients, V was 49% and 52% higher than in AS, respectively, and CL was 47% and 60% higher than in AS, respectively. In RA patients, CL was 49% higher than in AS patients. Simulations showed that without methotrexate, a 3 mg/kg dosing regimen would lead only 16% of RA patients to reach the target concentration (2.5 mg/L) at week 22, whereas target concentrations would be reached in approximately half of RA patients cotreated with methotrexate, as well as half of CD (3.5 mg/L) and UC (3.7 mg/L) patients. The suboptimality of approved dosing regimens supports the development of dosing optimization based on concentration measurements.

Dates and versions

hal-01980816 , version 1 (14-01-2019)

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Christophe Passot, Denis Mulleman, Theodora Bejan-Angoulvant, Alexandre Aubourg, Stephanie Willot, et al.. The underlying inflammatory chronic disease influences infliximab pharmacokinetics. mAbs, 2016, 8 (7), pp.1407-1416. ⟨10.1080/19420862.2016.1216741⟩. ⟨hal-01980816⟩

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