Traumax screw plate vs. Gamma nail. Blood loss in pertrochanteric fractures treated by minimally invasive osteosynthesis

Abstract : PURPOSE: This study is aimed to determine whether the Traumax dynamic hip screw reduces perioperative blood loss and transfusion rate compared to the Gamma nail in the treatment of pertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 331 patients were followed prospectively in a cohort study between February 2008 and October 2011 after a pertrochanteric fracture. Two types of fixation were used, 163 patients were treated with a Gamma nail and 168 patients with a minimally invasive screw plate Traumax. Perioperative blood loss, evaluated by the Mercuriali formula based on pre- and postoperative haemoglobin and transfusion rates were compared in order to assess risk factors. RESULTS: Increased perioperative blood loss was significantly linked with patient-related parameters (age, anticoagulant and platelet aggregation inhibitor treatment). Type of osteosynthesis and type of fracture were also risk factors for blood loss and transfusion. The Traumax group had significantly lower blood loss (347 ml vs. 577 ml) and transfusion rate (33.9% vs. 63.8%) than the Gamma group. Involvement of the greater trochanter increased the risk of blood loss only in the Gamma group. Functional results and bone healing were comparable at six months follow-up. CONCLUSION: Screw plate Traumax significantly reduces perioperative bleeding after pertrochanteric fractures. It avoids fracture gaps that tend to maintain bleeding. Given the morbidity and complications related to acute anaemia and blood transfusion, the surgical management of these elderly patients is aided by this choice of fixation.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Hip International, Wichtig Editore, 2014, 24 (2), pp.2000-2005. 〈https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24619872〉
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https://hal-univ-tours.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01559814
Contributeur : Laurent Maubisson <>
Soumis le : lundi 10 juillet 2017 - 23:16:20
Dernière modification le : mercredi 11 juillet 2018 - 16:06:13

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  • HAL Id : hal-01559814, version 1

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N. Reina, L. Geiss, R. Pailhé, Laurent Maubisson, J.M. Laffosse, et al.. Traumax screw plate vs. Gamma nail. Blood loss in pertrochanteric fractures treated by minimally invasive osteosynthesis. Hip International, Wichtig Editore, 2014, 24 (2), pp.2000-2005. 〈https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24619872〉. 〈hal-01559814〉

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