Natural killer cells are required for extramedullary hematopoiesis following murine cytomegalovirus infection.

Abstract : The immune response against a variety of pathogens can lead to activation of blood formation at ectopic sites, a process termed extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH). The underlying mechanisms of EMH have been enigmatic. Investigating splenic EMH in mice infected with murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV), we find that, while cells of the adaptive immune system were dispensable for EMH, natural killer (NK) cells were essential. EMH required recognition of infected cells via activating NK cell receptors Ly49H or NKG2D, and correspondingly, viral interference with NK cell recognition abolished EMH. Surprisingly, development of EMH was not induced by NK cell-derived cytokines but was dependent on perforin-mediated cytotoxicity in order to control virus spread. Spreading virus reduced the numbers of F4/80(+) macrophages that were crucial for inflammatory EMH. Hence, whereas MCMV suppresses inflammation-induced EMH, NK cells confine virus spread, thereby protecting extramedullary hematopoietic niches and facilitating EMH.
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https://hal-univ-tours.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01118335
Contributeur : Estelle Nocchi <>
Soumis le : mercredi 18 février 2015 - 17:46:58
Dernière modification le : vendredi 22 juin 2018 - 13:08:04

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  • HAL Id : hal-01118335, version 1
  • PUBMED : 23684305

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Stefan Jordan, Zsolt Ruzsics, Maja Mitrović, Thomas Baranek, Jurica Arapović, et al.. Natural killer cells are required for extramedullary hematopoiesis following murine cytomegalovirus infection.. Cell Host and Microbe, Elsevier, 2013, 13 (5), pp.535-45. 〈hal-01118335〉

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