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Efficacy and Hemotoxicity of Stealth Doxorubicin-Loaded Magnetic Nanovectors on Breast Cancer Xenografts

Abstract : In the field of oncology, research is now focused on the development of theranostic nanosystems that combine the functions of drug delivery and imaging for diagnosis/monitoring. In this context, we designed polyethylene glycol (PEG)ylated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) for the delivery of doxorubicin (DOX), an antineoplastic agent. These DOX-loaded PEGylated SPIONs, or DLPS, should be useful for the delivery of DOX in vivo, as well as for magnetic drug targeting (MDT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential applications of DLPS in vivo as drug carrier systems for the reduction of xenograft breast tumors induced in nude mice. Prior to the animal model experiments, the main internalization pathways for the nanovectors in MDA-MB435 breast cancer cells were determined to be based on caveolae- and clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The time- and quantity-dependence of the nanoparticle uptake by the cells altered the in vitro cytotoxicity of the DLPS. The in vitro antiproliferative effect of the DLPS was dependent not only on DOX concentration, but also on the efficacy of nanoparticle internalization. Evaluation of the effect of DLPS treatment on xenograft tumors in nude mice showed that DLPS limited tumor growth in a manner comparable to that of free DOX under normal conditions of tumor growth. The application of an external magnetic field on tumors, i.e., MDT, did not improve the efficacy of the DLPS treatment. Nevertheless, the vectorization of DOX with DLPS appears to limit the hematologic side effects usually associated with DOX treatment.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 30, 2015 - 11:39:41 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 5:56:31 PM




Juliette Gautier, Emilie Allard-Vannier, J Burlaud-Gaillard, J Domenech, Igor Chourpa. Efficacy and Hemotoxicity of Stealth Doxorubicin-Loaded Magnetic Nanovectors on Breast Cancer Xenografts. Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, American Scientific Publishers, 2015, 11 (1), pp.177-189. ⟨10.1166/jbn.2015.1920⟩. ⟨hal-01111376⟩



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