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The ChemCam Instrument Suite on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests

Roger C. Wiens Sylvestre Maurice Bruce Barraclough Muriel Saccoccio Walter C. Barkley James F. Bell Steve Bender John Bernardin Diana Blaney Jennifer Blank Marc Bouyé Nathan Bridges Nathan Bultman Ph. Cais 1 Robert C. Clanton Benton Clark Samuel Clegg Agnes Cousin 2 David Cremers Alain Cros 3 Lauren Deflores Dorothea Delapp Robert Dingler Claude d'Uston 4 M. Darby Dyar Tom Elliott Don Enemark Cécile Fabre 5 Mike Flores Olivier Forni Olivier Gasnault 6 Thomas Hale Charles Hays Ken Herkenhoff Ed Kan Laurel Kirkland Driss Kouach David Landis Yves Langevin 7 Nina Lanza Frank Larocca Jeremie Lasue 6 Joseph Latino Daniel Limonadi Chris Lindensmith Cynthia Little Nicolas Mangold 8 Gerard Manhes 9 Patrick Mauchien Christopher Mckay Ed Miller Joe Mooney Richard V. Morris 10 Leland Morrison Tony Nelson Horton Newsom Ann Ollila Melanie Ott Laurent Pares René Perez Franck Poitrasson 11 Cheryl Provost Joseph W. Reiter Tom Roberts Frank Romero Violaine Sautter Steven Salazar John J. Simmonds Ralph Stiglich Steven Storms Nicolas Striebig Jean-Jacques Thocaven Tanner Trujillo Mike Ulibarri David Vaniman Noah Warner Rob Waterbury Robert Whitaker James Witt Belinda Wong-Swanson
Abstract : The ChemCam instrument suite on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover Curiosity provides remote compositional information using the first laser-induced breakdown spectrometer (LIBS) on a planetary mission, and provides sample texture and morphology data using a remote micro-imager (RMI). Overall, ChemCam supports MSL with five capabilities: remote classification of rock and soil characteristics; quantitative elemental compositions including light elements like hydrogen and some elements to which LIBS is uniquely sensitive (e.g., Li, Be, Rb, Sr, Ba); remote removal of surface dust and depth profiling through surface coatings; context imaging; and passive spectroscopy over the 240-905 nm range. ChemCam is built in two sections: The mast unit, consisting of a laser, telescope, RMI, and associated electronics, resides on the rover's mast, and is described in a companion paper. ChemCam's body unit, which is mounted in the body of the rover, comprises an optical demultiplexer, three spectrometers, detectors, their coolers, and associated electronics and data handling logic. Additional instrument components include a 6 m optical fiber which transfers the LIBS light from the telescope to the body unit, and a set of onboard calibration targets. ChemCam was integrated and tested at Los Alamos National Laboratory where it also underwent LIBS calibration with 69 geological standards prior to integration with the rover. Post-integration testing used coordinated mast and instrument commands, including LIBS line scans on rock targets during system-level thermal-vacuum tests. In this paper we describe the body unit, optical fiber, and calibration targets, and the assembly, testing, and verification of the instrument prior to launch.
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Roger C. Wiens, Sylvestre Maurice, Bruce Barraclough, Muriel Saccoccio, Walter C. Barkley, et al.. The ChemCam Instrument Suite on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests. Space Science Reviews, Springer Verlag, 2012, 170 (1-4), pp.167-227. ⟨10.1007/S11214-012-9902-4⟩. ⟨hal-00717246⟩

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