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Profiles of genetic parameters of body weight and feed efficiency in two divergent broiler lines for meat ultimate pH

Abstract : Abstract Background Selection for feed efficiency is one of the best ways to decrease poultry production costs and environmental impacts. While literature on its genetic determinism is abundant, it is limited to one or a few periodic values over the animals’ lifespans. With the development of new phenotyping tools, kinetics of growth and feed intake are now available, providing access to daily data on feed efficiency. In this study, over the course of 6 weeks, we described the kinetics of body weight (BW), average daily weight gain (ADG), feed intake (FI), and daily cumulative feed conversion ratio (DCFCR) using electronic feed stations. We then estimated the genetic parameters of daily data in two fast growing lines of chicken divergently selected for breast meat ultimate pH (heritability and genetic correlations with breast meat yield and pH). Results Birds from the line selected to have a more acidic meat (pHu-), were more efficient than those selected to have a less acidic meat (pHu+), with a 4.3% higher BW from d7 to d29 and 5.0% better feed efficiency from d12 to slaughter. The line effect for ADG and DCFCR appeared to be significant as early as d5, which is consistent with the early age at which metabolic differences between the two lines appear. Genetic parameters estimated within each line revealed different genetic determinisms of growth and feed efficiency, with a higher impact of maternal effects on BW during the growing phase (d10 to d20) in the pHu+ line and much higher heritability values of DCFCR during the finishing phase (d26-d42) in the pHu- line. Conclusion Genetic profiles of daily performance highlighted the difference between both lines. Their behavior during dietary transitions reinforced the already known impact of these periods in the animals’ lives. Based on the profiles of genetic parameters within each line, it seems feasible to identify early criteria for selecting feed efficiency, but they must be defined for each line, as the genetic determinism of these traits is line-dependent.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03627651
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Submitted on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 2:03:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 3:30:56 AM

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Quentin Berger, Elodie Guettier, Jérémy Bernard, Patrice Ganier, Marine Chahnamian, et al.. Profiles of genetic parameters of body weight and feed efficiency in two divergent broiler lines for meat ultimate pH. BMC Genomic Data, BMC, 2022, 23 (1), pp.18. ⟨10.1186/s12863-022-01035-z⟩. ⟨hal-03627651⟩

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