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Fabrication and Characterization of ZnO Nanowire-based Piezoelectric Nanogenerators for Low Frequency Mechanical Energy Harvesting

Abstract : The present work investigates the possibility to charge a Lithium micro-battery (LiB) via direct conversion of ambient mechanical energy into electricity using piezoelectric ZnO nanowire (NW) based microgenerators (PGs). An estimate is provided for the power levels at the different stages of mechanical-to-electrical energy conversion chain, in the following areas: (1) PG output, (2) power management block and (3) LiB storage unit. Also covered in this work is the synthesis, which is a prerequisite for realising such PGs. ZnO NWs of 2 μm in length and 200 nm in diameter have been grown using a low temperature (<150 °C) hydrothermal process on 100 μm thick PET substrates (25 × 25 mm2). Substrates containing bi-layer metal layers with dissimilar electro-negativities functioned as a galvanic cell in the growth nutrients, which acted as an electrolyte medium. This necessitated ZnO NWs growth on conductive surfaces, even in the absence of seed layers and/or substrate with specific lattice parameters. Finally, the assembly steps undertaken to realise the fully functional PGs are discussed, and the performances of the final PG are described thereafter. Subjecting such devices to a 10 Hz sinusoidal bending force resulted in a measured PG output of ∼56 mV peak to peak, on 1 MΩ resistive load.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02092562
Contributor : Frédéric Martinez <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 3:33:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 3:44:09 PM

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G. Poulin-Vittrant, Christopher Oshman, Charles Opoku, Abhishek Singh Dahiya, Nicolas Camara, et al.. Fabrication and Characterization of ZnO Nanowire-based Piezoelectric Nanogenerators for Low Frequency Mechanical Energy Harvesting. Physics Procedia, Elsevier, 2015, 70, pp.909-913. ⟨10.1016/j.phpro.2015.08.188⟩. ⟨hal-02092562⟩

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