The Forest Observation System, building a global reference dataset for remote sensing of forest biomass

Dmitry Schepaschenko Jérôme Chave 1 Oliver Phillips Simon Lewis Stuart Davies 2 Maxime Réjou-Méchain 3 Plinio Sist 4 Klaus Scipal 5 Christoph Perger Bruno Hérault 6 Nicolas Labrière 7 Florian Hofhansl Kofi Affum-Baffoe 8 Alexei Aleinikov Alfonso Alonso 9 Christian Amani Alejandro Araujo-Murakami 10 John Armston 11 Luzmila Arroyo 12 Nataly Ascarrunz 13 Celso Azevedo 14 Timothy Baker Radomir Bałazy Caroline Bedeau 15 Nicholas Berry Andrii Bilous Svitlana Yu. Bilous Pulcherie Bissiengou 16 Lilian Blanc 4 Kapitolina Bobkova Tatyana Braslavskaya Roel Brienen 17 David Burslem Richard Condit Aida Cuni-Sanchez 18 Dilshad Danilina Dennis del Castillo Torres Géraldine Derroire 7 Laurent Descroix 19 Eleneide Doff Sotta 20 Marcus D’oliveira Christopher Dresel Terry Erwin Mikhail Evdokimenko Jan Falck Ted Feldpausch Ernest Foli Robin Foster Steffen Fritz 21 Antonio Damian Garcia-Abril Aleksey Gornov Maria Gornova Ernest Gothard-Bassébé Sylvie Gourlet-Fleury 22 Marcelino Guedes 23 Keith Hamer Farida Herry Susanty 24 Niro Higuchi 25 Eurídice Coronado Wannes Hubau 26 Stephen Hubbell Ulrik Ilstedt 27 Viktor Ivanov Milton Kanashiro 20 Anders Karlsson 28 Viktor Karminov Timothy Killeen Jean-Claude Konan Koffi Maria Konovalova Florian Kraxner 29 Jan Krejza Haruni Krisnawati 24 Leonid Krivobokov Mikhail Kuznetsov 30 Ivan Lakyda Petro Lakyda Juan Carlos Licona 13 Richard Lucas 31 Natalia Lukina Daniel Lussetti Yadvinder Malhi 32 José Antonio Manzanera Beatriz Marimon Ben Hur Marimon Junior 33 Rodolfo Vasquez Martinez Olga Martynenko Maksym Matsala Raisa Matyashuk Lucas Mazzei 20 Herve Memiaghe 16 Casimiro Mendoza 34 Abel Monteagudo Mendoza Olga Moroziuk Liudmila Mukhortova Samsudin Musa Dina Nazimova Toshinori Okuda Luis Claudio Oliveira Petr Ontikov Andrey Osipov Stephan Pietsch 35 Maureen Playfair John Poulsen Vladimir Radchenko 36 Kenneth Rodney Andes Rozak 37 Ademir Ruschel Ervan Rutishauser 38 Linda See 21 Maria Shchepashchenko Nikolay Shevchenko Anatoly Shvidenko Marcos Silveira 39 James Singh Bonaventure Sonké 40 Cintia Souza Krzysztof Stereńczak Leonid Stonozhenko Martin Sullivan 41 Justyna Szatniewska Hermann Taedoumg 42 Hans ter Steege 43 Elena Tikhonova Marisol Toledo 13 Olga Trefilova Ruben Valbuena Luis Valenzuela Gamarra 12 Sergey Vasiliev Estella Vedrova Sergey Verhovets Edson Vidal 44 Nadezhda Vladimirova Jason Vleminckx 45 Vincent Vos Foma Vozmitel Wolfgang Wanek Thales West Hannsjorg Woell John Woods Verginia Wortel 46 Toshihiro Yamada 47 Zamah Shari Nur Hajar Irié Casimir Zo-Bi
Abstract : Forest biomass is an essential indicator for monitoring the Earth's ecosystems and climate. It is a critical input to greenhouse gas accounting, estimation of carbon losses and forest degradation, assessment of renewable energy potential, and for developing climate change mitigation policies such as REDD+, among others. Wall-to-wall mapping of aboveground biomass (aGB) is now possible with satellite remote sensing (RS). However, RS methods require extant, up-to-date, reliable, representative and comparable in situ data for calibration and validation. Here, we present the Forest Observation System (FOS) initiative, an international cooperation to establish and maintain a global in situ forest biomass database. aGB and canopy height estimates with their associated uncertainties are derived at a 0.25 ha scale from field measurements made in permanent research plots across the world's forests. all plot estimates are geolocated and have a size that allows for direct comparison with many RS measurements. The FOS offers the potential to improve the accuracy of RS-based biomass products while developing new synergies between the RS and ground-based ecosystem research communities.
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Dmitry Schepaschenko, Jérôme Chave, Oliver Phillips, Simon Lewis, Stuart Davies, et al.. The Forest Observation System, building a global reference dataset for remote sensing of forest biomass. Scientific Data , Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 6 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41597-019-0196-1⟩. ⟨hal-02316194⟩

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